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  • Create Date Ekim 8, 2022
  • Last Updated Ocak 9, 2023

Ecology general principle is explained first with its etymology and definition, then the IFOAM Organic Agriculture Principle of Ecology it is reported with its strong statement: “Organic agriculture should be based on living ecological systems and cycles, work with them, emulate them and help sustain them.”
The principle is declined in the IFOAM standard chapter 5.1. Animal Husbandry General Principles: “Organic livestock husbandry is based on the harmonious relationship between land, plants and livestock.”
This leads to a correct relationship between land and animals to avoid environmental impacts such as overgrazing, nitrates pollution, greenhouse gases emission.
Finally animal husbandry positive contribution to organic farming systems are listed, as well as examples of grazing pastures as prevention of wood expansion, fires, land erosion and flooding.
e-Module Editors
Candan Karakurt-Turkey
Dr. Bumin Emre Teke-Turkey
Dr. Bülent Bülbül-Turkey
e-Module Authors (by surname order)
Dr. Bülent Bülbül-Turkey
María de los Angeles Catalán Balmaseda-Spain
Dr. Antonio Compagnoni-Italy
Candan Karakurt-Turkey
Halil İbrahim Kınalı-Turkey
Begoña Lozano Diéguez-Spain
Alicia Martín Garcia de la Torre-Spain
Nicola Louise Noble -UK
Dr. Fatih Özdemir-Turkey
Dr. Gonzalo Palomo-Spain
Phil Stocker-UK
Mehmet Şenarslan-Turkey
Dr. Bumin Emre Teke-Turkey
Marcello Volanti-Italy